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How To Check If My GPU Is Working Properly? [2023]

How To Check If My GPU Is Working Properly? [2023]

The graphics card in your computer displays data on a monitor, which is essential to the system’s functionality. A powerful graphics card can provide additional power to specific programs if the necessity arises, as it frequently does for small business owners. However, failing graphics cards might result in visual distortions or a complete loss of data display. The functionality of the GPU should be your top priority when purchasing a new or used graphics card. Even if some customers take excellent care of their cards, ensuring the GPU is properly functioning is still imperative.

We will explore every approach conceivable for measuring the performance of your GPU using the finest techniques. Checking for hardware damage, temperature changes, and artifacts are just a few of the uncomplicated and basic procedures. Additionally, if your GPU is overheating, producing artifacts, or is unable to detect by the motherboard, we offer potential fixes, including cleaning, checking the fans, and employing software for better understanding. 

Key Takeaways

  • Checking if your GPU is working properly is important to ensure optimal performance and avoid issues such as crashes, artifacts, overheating and low FPS.
  • There are several ways to check your GPU’s status, such as using the Device Manager, the Task Manager, the GPU-Z software, or the built-in diagnostic tools of your graphics card manufacturer.
  • You can also test your GPU’s performance and stability by running benchmarks, stress tests, games or synthetic loads, and monitoring the temperature, fan speed, clock speed, voltage and usage of your GPU.
  • If you encounter any problems with your GPU, you can try some troubleshooting steps such as updating the drivers, cleaning the dust, reseating the card, adjusting the power settings, or contacting the support team.
  • Maintaining your GPU’s health and functionality is essential for a smooth and enjoyable gaming experience.

What is a GPU? Why do we need a GPU? 

A computer’s graphics system is monitored by this specialized processor. All computers, whether used for personal or professional purposes. Although graphics processing units are employed for various tasks, including video rendering and graphics, gaming is where GPUs excel. In the past, GPUs were made to be effective with 3D graphics. However, as time passes, GPUs become more adaptable and are employed to depict realistic scenes with superb visualization.

How to check if my GPU is working properly

Your computer’s performance will eventually deteriorate due to some little bugs. Your PC may crash while playing a game or begin to smoke before you realize your GPU has gone. Minor bugs in your system can be fixed using straightforward techniques to avoid tragedy. We are available to assist you in resolving graphics card problems. You must use a few PC techniques to test your GPU’s performance. The techniques are practical and straightforward to utilize. You can complete this task on your own; there is no need to employ a professional.

Examining the Hardware

Examining the hardware is the first step to determining GPU performance. This inspection covers all exterior parts, including fans and copper heat pipes. Start by reviewing the fans to see if any are damaged or not rotating. If the fans aren’t working, your GPU won’t function properly or might even malfunction. Check the cooling fans to see if they are moving quickly or slowly. If the fan blades rotate at an acceptable rate, there is no need to be concerned. However, you must modify them if they begin to slow down after some time. 

The graphic card seems to be in good shape and operating as intended if the GPU hardware is undamaged. In addition to the hardware, you may run several other tests to see if your computer’s graphics card is functioning correctly. Verify the copper heat pipes if the fans appear to be working perfectly. Verify that they are not bent or damaged in any way. The efficiency of these heat pipes is crucial to GPU performance. In other words, if the heat pipes are damaged, your GPU won’t work as expected.

Examining the Device Manager

Examining the device manager on your computer once the hardware has been inspected will ensure no problems. Your GPU’s functionality can be determined by looking at the device manager. To view, the device manager follows the following instructions.

  • Step 1: Open Search Bar > type Control Panel > Open it. 
  • Step 2: Select Hardware and Sound > Device Manager > Display Adapters
  • Step 3Double-click on the graphics card’s name to get the Device Status

Note: You can check the header to see if your GPU is operating correctly or not. Pay attention to the given problem. If the device status doesn’t state, then this device is working correctly.

Testing With a Game or the Heaven Benchmark

Play some games to test the performance of your GPU. Your device will shut off or freeze if there is a GPU issue. Your GPU is functioning properly if everything is performing smoothly. Use the Heaven Benchmark if your computer is empty of games. You can alter the graphics resolution and quality for better outcomes. If your computer is older, you may have issues like abrupt crashes and the display changing colors. The screen lines, colors, and crashing indicate that your GPU has artifacts. This method can also help you to test a used GPU to ensure it performs well.

Temperature Checking

Once the GPU has been identified by your system and is operational, it’s time to measure the GPU’s temperature right now. Numerous computer components struggle to function correctly in high heat. Due to the extensive processing required by gaming, the GPU, in particular, tends to become very warm. You’ll experience negative side effects if your GPU exceeds its temperature limit. It is simple to check the GPU’s temperature. The techniques for temperature checking, however, vary depending on your GPU model and operating system. You only need to do a few GPU-demanding chores. The GPU temperature can be assessed by:

  • Using an open hardware monitor: You may view all the performance-related information about your PC, such as GPU temperature and fan speed, using an open hardware monitor. 
  • Checking performance lab: You can open up the Performance tab to check the temperature of the graphics card. It’s an excellent resource for monitoring the GPU temperature. 
  • Using software: The GPU temperature can be checked using various programs. Download anyone on your computer and use it to check the GPU temperature.
  • Utilizing a hub of information: A data powerhouse offers all pertinent information about your PC preferences, such as fan speeds, GPU temperature, battery life, network load, and other burdens. 


When it comes to gaming, graphics cards make a significant contribution. Your system will be more reliable if I want to know how to check if my graphics card is working correctly, especially when you’re playing games. Running more extended tests is essential since these give you a sense of satisfaction regarding the card. If you are unaware of the graphics card’s past, it may have undergone various cases of abuse that left it with damage that was not immediately apparent. It’s not a terrible idea to upgrade an older card with an aftermarket cooler.

The GPU’s cooling will be enhanced, and it will also be protected from damage due to overheating. When attempting to determine the state of a GPU, testing is your friend. Take your time and be thorough. Furthermore, the two most frequent problems are GPU overheating and artifacts. Therefore, use the suggested techniques to see if your GPU is operating properly. Run the Heaven benchmark if you encounter artifacts while gaming on your smartphone. You can see specifics such as the temperature of the GPU, network load, and battery life.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I test my GPU?

There are multiple ways to test your graphics card. You can check its hardware condition, overclocking capabilities, and thermal management or run a stress test to ensure its utility. If you face any issues while testing the graphics card, don’t buy it.

How do I know if my GPU is not working properly?

Certain signs can help you determine whether your GPU is working properly. If you notice some random glitches on the screen when playing games, unusual fan noise, or some GPU damage, there are chances that your card is failing.

What GPU does failure look like?

If your GPU fails, it will generate random black dots or effects on the screen called GPU artifacts. Random screen tearing is also caused by graphics card failure. Moreover, the graphics card will be unable to maintain a proper temperature.

Sajid Ali

CEO, Lead Writer

Sajid Ali is a tech enthusiast and gamer who loves to write reviews about gaming hardware. He has a passion for staying up-to-date with the latest technological advancements and loves sharing his knowledge with others. Sajid studied Intermediate Computer Science at Degree College and went on to earn his Bachelor's in Computer Science from GSC. In his free time, you can find him testing out new hardware and software, or playing the latest video games. Sajid's in-depth understanding of computers and his love for gaming make him the perfect author to turn to for all things tech and gaming.